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Charcot-Marie-Tooth: Treatment, Symptoms, and Causes

What is Charcot-Marie-Tooth Hereditary Neuropathy?

Charcot-Marie-Tooth hereditary neuropathy is the most common genetic cause of neuropathy. Charcot-Marie-Tooth hereditary neuropathy is a group of genetic disorders characterized by chronic motor and sensory polyneuropathy. Charcot-Marie-Tooth is a genetic peripheral nerve disorder in which defected nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord interrupt nerve signals causing muscle weakness and numbness.

Clinical diagnosis of Charcot-Marie-Tooth is based on family history, physical examination, EMG/NCV testing, and sural nerve biopsy.

If you have Charcot-Marie-Tooth hereditary neuropathy or another form of neuropathy and are seeking relief, Monmouth Pain & Rehabilitation offers a number of services for neuropathy treatment in New Jersey to relieve the symptoms of neuropathy including numbness, tingling, pain, burning sensations, and more. Call 732-345-1377 or fill out the form below to schedule a consultation in Shrewsbury, Wall Township, or Forked River New Jersey.

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What Causes Charcot-Marie-Tooth?

The peripheral nervous system consists of motor neurons and sensory neurons that are responsible for carrying messages from the brain to the rest of the body, and bringing messages from the extremities back to the brain. In Charcot-Marie-Tooth hereditary neuropathy, the defected peripheral nerves results in sensory and motor symptoms.

The peripheral nerves have an inner core called the axon that is wrapped in the myelin sheath. If the myelin sheath is damaged, nerve impulses conduct slower than normal. If the axon is damaged, the strength of the nerve signal is reduced.

There are four main types of Charcot-Marie-Tooth defined by the inheritance pattern and nerve conductions. The most common type of Charcot-Marie-Tooth hereditary neuropathy is Type 1 (CMT1) affecting 40-50% of all Charcot-Marie-Tooth cases.

What Are the Symptoms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth?

Charcot-Marie-Tooth hereditary neuropathy is slowly progressive – symptoms become increasingly problematic over time. A patient suffering from CMT typically experiences muscle weakness and atrophy in their arms, hands, lower legs, and feet, and is often associated with sensory loss, depressed reflexes, and high-arched feet.

The first signs of Charcot-Marie-Tooth hereditary neuropathy include tripping, ankle sprains, difficulty walking, and “pins-and-needles” sensations in hands and feet. Lack of muscle, high arch, and claw toes are common characteristics found in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth hereditary neuropathy. Charcot-Marie-Tooth causes muscular atrophy in the lower legs, feet, hands, and arms, and can attribute to foot drop, gait problems, and manual dexterity. Patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth typically experience sensitivity to cold temperatures, and many experience chronically cold hands and feet. Additional symptoms may include fatigue, sleep apnea, breathing difficulties, scoliosis, kyphosis, and hearing loss.

Combating Charcot-Marie-Tooth at Monmouth Pain and Rehabilitation

Our Physical Therapists at each of our offices are here to help combat the symptoms associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth hereditary neuropathy! Research has shown that individual training programs contributed to the improvement of muscular strength in both upper and lower limbs in patients suffering from Charcot-Marie-Tooth hereditary neuropathy.

At Monmouth Pain & Rehabilitation, our physical therapists will conduct an evaluation of your condition to determine what would be the most successful treatment plan customized to you.

Please schedule an appointment in one of our facilities. You may fill out the form above to request an appointment, or call 732-345-1377 to reach our Shrewsbury, Wall, or Lacey locations.


Monmouth Pain & Rehabilitation: Locations in Monmouth & Ocean County

Monmouth Pain & Rehabilitation Shrewsbury
174 Patterson Ave
Shrewsbury, NJ 07702

Monmouth Pain & Rehabilitation Wall
1985 NJ-34 Bldg A
Wall, NJ 07719

Monmouth Pain & Rehabilitation Lacey
747 Lacey Rd
Forked River, NJ 08731