Patients suffering from knee pain often have lower concentrations of hyaluronic acid in their joints. This substance occurs naturally in the body and is found in the lubricating synovial fluid of the joint. When this is depleted, the result is additional pain and inflammation in the knee.
Viscosupplementation supplements the viscosity of the joint fluid with the injection of hyaluronic acid into the knee joint. By using Viscosupplementation, additional lubrication is provided to allow the bones of the knee joint to move comfortably over each other. This procedure also provides additional cushioning for better shock absorption, and produces an analgesic effect. Viscosupplementation has been shown to relieve pain in patients who are unable to benefit from medications or rehabilitative practices.